References and Works Cited
1. Climate Change in Canada Teacher's Guides. 2006, National Resources Canada.
2. The Cryosphere Today, Polar Research Group - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
3. Education. 2007, Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary.
4. Climate Change animation and graph. 2007, Geology.com.
5. Sila: clue in to climate change. 2006, Canadian Museum of Nature.
6. Local food 'greener than organic'. 2005, BBC News.
7. Icebergs are 'ecological hotspots'. 2007, BBC News.
8. Back to the future. 2007, The Ring.
9. What's a polynya, International North Water Polynya Study.
10. B.C.'s Climate Action Team unveiled by premier. 2007, Times Colonist.
11. Climate Change North, An educational resource for Northerners. 2004, Yukon Conservation Society.
12. What you can do: Go carbon neutral. 2007, David Suzuki Foundation.
13. The NORFANZ Voyage 10 May to 8 June 2003. 2007, Australian Government: Department of the Environment and Water Resources.
14. Methane: International Analyses. 2006, US Environmental Protection Agency.
15. Changes in eelgrass (Zostera marina) in southern Gulf of St. Lawrence estuaries. 2006, Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
16. NOAA In Situ Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Measurements. 2007, NOAA.
17. Neptune. 2003, University of Victoria.
18. The impacts of climate change. 2007, News24.com.
19. The Pembina Institute, The Pembina Institute.
20. Level of important greenhouse gas has stopped growing. 2006, Physorg.com.
21. Marine Birds, North Pacific Marine Science Organization.
22. Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. 2005, The Royal Society.
23. Methane Emissions. 1998, Government of Canada.
24. Science and Technology for Canadians: Cold Traps. 2006, Government of Canada.
25. Welcome to Statistics Canada. 2007, Statistics Canada.
26. Pollution slowly turning oceans to acid: report. 2005, Carnegie Institution and World Science.
27. Acidifying oceans could trigger mass extinction, researcher warns. 2006, Carnegie Institution and World Science.
28. International Relations: United Nations Organizations/Agencies. 2007, Environment Canada.
29. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007, IPCC.
30. International Polar Year. 2007, Government of Canada.
31. Ahlenius, H., Permafrost extent in the Northern Hemisphere. June 2007, United Nations Environmental Programme / GRID-Arendal.
32. Ainley, D., et al., Decedal-scale changes in the climate and biota of the Pacific sector of the Southern Oceans, 1950s to the 1990s. Antarctic Science, 2005. 17(2): p. 171-182.
33. Alley, R., et al., Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Summary for Policymakers. 2007, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. p. 18.
34. Ametistova, L., J. Twidell, and J. Briden, The sequestration switch: removing industrial CO2 by direct ocean absorption. The Science of the Total Environment, 2002. 289: p. 213-223.
35. AP, Breath mints for cows? 2003, CBS News.
36. Aronson, R.B. and W.F. Precht, Conservation, precaution, and Caribbean reefs. Coral reefs, 2006. 25: p. 441-450.
37. Arrigo, K.R. and G.L. van Dijken, Annual cycles of sea ice and phytoplankton in Cape Bathurst polynya, southeastern Beaufort Sea, Canadian Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2004. 31.
38. Baden, S., et al., Vanishing seagrass (Zostera marina, L.) in Swedish coastal waters. Ambio, 2003. 32(5): p. 374-377.
39. Balthis, W.L., J.L. Hyland, and D.W. Bearden, Ecosystem responses to extreme natural events: impacts of three sequential hurricanes in fall 1999 on sediment quality and condition of benthic fauna in the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2006. 119: p. 367-389.
40. Barber, D.G., et al., Sea-ice and meteorological conditions in Northern Baffin Bay and the North Water Polynya between 1979 and 1996. Atmosphere - Ocean, 2001. 39(3): p. 343-359.
41. Barnett, T.P., et al., Penetration of the human-induced warming into the world's oceans. Science, 2005. 309.
42. Behrenfeld, M.J., et al., Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity. Nature, 2006. 444.
43. Bellouin, N., et al., Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements. Nature, 2005. 438(22): p. 1138-1141.
44. Bellwood, D.R., et al., Coral bleaching, reef fish community phase shifts and the resilience of coral reefs. Global Change Biology, 2006. 12: p. 1587-1594.
45. Braasch, G., Earth under fire. 2007: University of California Press.
46. Bratcher, A.J. and B.S. Giese, Tropical decadal variability and global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 2002. 29(19): p. 24-1 to 24-4.
47. Brook, E.J., Tiny Bubbles Tell All. Science, 2005. 310: p. 1285-1287.
48. Caldeira, K. and M.E. Wickett, Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature, 2003. 425: p. 365.
49. Cao, M., K. Ggregson, and S. Marshall, Global methane emission from wetlands and its sensitivity to climate change. Atmospheric Environment, 1998. 32(19): p. 3293-3299.
50. Carlsson-Kanyama, A. and M. Faist, Energy use in the food sector: a data survey. 2000, Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research: Stockholm.
51. Carmack, E., et al., Climate variability and physical forcing of the food webs and the carbon budget on panarctic shelves. Progress in Oceanography, 2006. 71: p. 145-181.
52. Cicerone, R., et al., The ocean in a high CO2 world. Earth and Ocean Science, 2004. 85(37): p. 351-353.
53. Coale, K.H., et al., A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Nature, 1996. 383: p. 495-501.
54. Considine, D.B., J.E. Rosenfield, and E.L. Fleming, An interactive model study of the influence of the Mount Pinatubo aerosol on stratospheric methane and water trends. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2001. 106(D21): p. 27711-27727.
55. Crozier, L. and R.W. Zabel, Climate impacts at multiple scales: evidence for differential population responses in juvenile Chinook salmon. Journal of Animal Ecology, 2006. 75: p. 1100-1109.
56. Denny, M.W. and C.D. Harley, Hot limpets: predicting body temperatures in a conductance-mediated thermal system. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2006. 209: p. 2409-2419.
57. Denny, M.W., L.P. Miller, and C.D. Harley, Thermal stress on intertidal limpets: long-term hindcasts and lethal limits. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2006. 209: p. 2420-2431.
58. DeRamus, A.H., et al., Methane emissions of beef cattle on forages: Efficiency of grazing management systems. Journal of Environmental Quality, 2003. 32: p. 269-277.
59. Donaldson-Evans, C., Southeastern Louisiana's ecology slowly returns following hurricane Katrina. 2006, Fox News.
60. Drever, M.C. and R.G. Clark, Spring temperature, clutch initiation date and duck nest success: a test of the mismatch hypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 2007. 76: p. 139-148.
61. Druffel, E.R.M., Geochemistry of corals: proxies of past ocean chemistry, ocean circulation, and climate. PNAS, 1997. 94: p. 8354-8361.
62. Dybas, C.L., On a collision course: oceans plankton and climate change. BioScience, 2006. 56(8).
63. Elert, G., Height of the tallest mountain on earth. 2003, The Physics Factbook.
64. Emanuel, K., Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, 2005. 436: p. 686-688.
65. Fyke, J.G. and A.J. Weaver, The effect of potential future climate change in the marine methane hydrate stability zone. American Meteorological Society, 2006. 19: p. 5903-5917.
66. Gagosian, R.B., Abrupt climate change: should we be worried? 2003, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
67. Galbraith, H., et al., Global climate change and sea level rise: potential losses of intertidal habitat for shorebirds. Waterbirds, 2002. 25(2): p. 173-183.
68. Gaston, A.J., Mass and date at departure affect the survival of Ancient Murrelets Synthliboramphus antiquus chicks after leaving the colony. IBIS, 1997. 139(4): p. 673-678.
69. Gaston, A.J., H.G. Gilchrist, and J.M. Hipfner, Climate change, ice conditions and reproduction in an Arctic nesting marine bird: Brunnich's guillemot (Uria lomvia L.). Journal of Animal Ecology, 2005. 74: p. 832-841.
70. Gaston, A.J., H.G. Gilchrist, and M.L. Mallory, Variations in ice conditions has strong effects on the breeding of marine birds at Prince Leopold Island, Nunavut. Ecography, 2005. 28: p. 331-344.
71. Gaston, A.J. and J.L. Smith, Changes in oceanographic conditions off northern British Columbia (1983-1999) and the reproduction of a marine bird, the Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2001. 79: p. 1735-1742.
72. Gaston, A.J., K. Woo, and J.M. Hipfner, Trends in forage fish populations in northern Hudson Bay since 1981, as determined from the diet of nestling thick-billed murres Uria lomvia. Arctic, 2003. 56(3): p. 227-233.
73. Gilchrist, H.G. and M.L. Mallory, Declines in abundance and distribution of the ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea) in Arctic Canada. Biological Conservation, 2005. 121: p. 303-309.
74. Gillett, N.P., et al., Detection of human influence on sea-level pressure. Nature, 2003. 422: p. 292-294.
75. Godoy, J., What a lake says about climate change. 2007, The New Nation.
76. Gregory, J.M. and P. Huybrechts, Ice-sheet contributions to future sea-level changes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 2006. 364: p. 1709-1731.
77. Guinotte, J., R. Buddemeier, and J. Kleypas, Future coral reef habitat marginality: temporal and spatial effects of climate change in the Pacific basin. Coral reefs, 2003. 22: p. 551-558.
78. Guinotte, J., et al., Will human-induced changes in seawater chemistry alter teh distribution of deep-sea scleractinian corals? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2006. 4(3): p. 141-146.
79. Gunning, P. and D. Kruger, Methane to markets. 2005, eJournal USA.
80. Hader, D.-P., et al., Effects on aquatic ecosystems. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 1998. 46: p. 53-68.
81. Hansen, J., et al., Global temperature change. PNAS, 2006. 103: p. 14288-14293.
82. Harley, C.D., et al., The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems. Ecology Letters, 2006. 9: p. 228-241.
83. Harley, C.D. and L. Rogers-Bennett, The potential synergistic effects of climate change and fishing pressure on exploited invertebrates on rocky intertidal shores. CalCOFI Rep, 2004. 45: p. 98-110.
84. Hartman, L.H., A.J. Gaston, and D.S. Eastman, Raccoon predation on ancient murrelets on east Limestone Island, British Columbia. Journal of Wildlife Management, 1997. 61(2): p. 377-388.
85. Hassol, S.J., Impacts of Arctic wraming: Arctic climate assessment report. 2004, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Cambridge, UK.
86. Hassol, S.J., Teacher's Guide to Climate change and Global Warming. 2002.
87. Heath, J., Joel Heath, Ph.D. Candidate. 2004, Simon Fraser University.
88. Hedd, A., et al., Effects of interdecadel climate variability on marine trophic interactions: rhinoceros auklets and their fish prey. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2006. 309: p. 263-278.
89. Helmuth, B., et al., Climate change and latitudinal patterns of intertidal thermal stress. Science, 2002. 298(5595): p. 1015-1017.
90. Helmuth, B., et al., Forecasting the responses of rocky intertidal ecosystems to climate change. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst, 2006. 37: p. 373-404.
91. Hofman, R.J., The changing focus of marine mammal conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 1995. 10(11): p. 462-465.
92. Honisch, B. and N.G. Hemming, Surface ocean pH response to variations in pCO2 through two full glacial cycles. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2005. 236: p. 305-314.
94. Hsieh, C.-h., et al., Distinguishing random environmental fluctuations from ecological catastrophes for the North Pacific Ocean. Nature, 2005. 435: p. 336-340.
95. Hueseman, M., A.D. Skilman, and E.A. Crecelius, The inhibition of marine nitrification by ocean disposal of carbon dioxide. Marine Pollution Bullentin, 2003. 44: p. 142-148.
96. Jackson, R.B., et al., Trading water for carbon with biological carbon sequestration. Science, 2005. 310(1944).
97. Jacobson, M., Studying ocean acidification with conservative, stable numerical schemes for nonequilibrium air-ocean exchange and ocean equilibrium chemistry. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 2005. 110(D7).
98. Jahren, A.H., et al., A plate tectonic mechanism for methane hydrate release along subduction zones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2005. 236: p. 691-704.
99. Karl, D., et al., The role of nitrogen fixation in biogeochemical cycling in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature, 1997. 388: p. 533-538.
100. Kendrick, G.A., et al., Changes in seagrass coverage in Cockburn Sound, Western Australia between 1967 and 1999. Aquatic Botany, 2002. 73: p. 75-87.
101. Keppler, F., et al., Methane emissions from terrestrial plants under aerobic conditions. Nature, 2006. 439: p. 187-191.
102. Kettlewell, J., Ice cores unlock climate secrets. 2004, BBC News.
103. Kingsbury, J., Life is a Flyway Lessons Plans, Friends of the earth Canada.
104. Kleypas, J.A., et al., Impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs and other marine creatures. 2006, NSF, NOAA, USGS.
105. Knight, M., The other greenhouse gas. 2007, Scienceline.
106. Kolbert, E., The darkening sea, in The New Yorker. 2006. p. 66.
107. Koslow, J.A., A. Williams, and J.R. Paxton, How many demersal fish species in the deep sea? A test of a method to extrapolate from local to global diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 1997. 6: p. 1523-1532.
108. Krkosek, M.J., Kelp population dynamics and climate change. BMSC Student Reports - Directed Studies, 2001. 232.
109. Kvenvolden, K.A. and B.W. Rogers, Gaia's breath - global methane exhalations. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2005. 22: p. 579-590.
110. Laidre, K.L. and Heide-Jorgensen, Arctic sea ice trends and narwhal vulnerability. Biological Conservation, 2005. 121: p. 509-517.
111. LeBaron, G.S., The 106th Christmas Bird Count, in American Birds. 2007.
112. Leifer, I., et al., Natural marine seepage blowout: contribution to atmospheric methane. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2006. 20.
113. Llanos, M., Louisiana loses chunk of natural storm buffer. 2005, MSNBC.
114. Logan, J.A., J. Regniere, and J.A. Powell, Assessing the impacts of global warming on forest pest dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2003. 1(3): p. 130-137.
115. Lorvelec, O. and M. Pascal, French attempts to eradicate non-indigenous mammals and their consequences for native biota. Biological Invasions, 2005. 7: p. 135-140.
116. Mallory, M.L., et al., Marine birds as indicators of Arctic marine ecosystem health: linking the Northern ecosystem initiative to long-term studies. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2006. 113: p. 31-48.
117. Mallory, M.L., et al., Local Ecological Knowledge of Ivory Gull declines in Arctic Canada. Arctic, 2003. 56(3): p. 293-298.
118. Markey, S., Methane-munching microbes take a bite out of warming. 2006, National Geographic News.
119. Marsland, S., et al., Antarctc coastal polynya response to climate change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2007. 112.
120. McCarty, J.P., Review: Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conservation Biology, 2001. 15(2): p. 320-331.
121. Mclean, R., et al., Chapter 6: Coastal zones and marine ecosystems, in Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, L. Bijlsma and I. Sanchez-Arevalo, Editors. 2001, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
122. Merila, P., et al., Methanogen communities along a primary succession transect of mire ecosystems. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2006. 55: p. 221-229.
123. Metz, B., et al., Special report on safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system: issues related to hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
124. Michener, W.K., et al., Climate change, hurricanes and tropical storms, rising sea level in coastal wetlands. Ecological Applications, 1997. 7(3): p. 770-801.
125. Mitchell, A., Here comes the heat, in The Walrus. 2007. p. 23-41.
126. Monbiot, G., Heat: how to stop the planet from burning. 2006: Doubleday Canada.
127. Mote, P.W., et al., Preparing for climatic change: the water, salmon, and forests of the pacific northwest. Climatic Change, 2003. 61: p. 45-88.
128. Niemann, H., et al., Novel microbial communities of the Haakon Mosby mud volcano and their rile as a methane sink. Nature, 2005. 443: p. 854-858.
129. Oreskes, N., The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change. Science, 2004. 306(5702): p. 1686.
130. Orr, J., et al., Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms. Nature, 2005. 437: p. 681-686.
131. Overpeck, J.T. and J.E. Cole, Abrupt change in Earth's climate system. Annual Review of Environmental Resources, 2006. 31: p. 1-31.
132. Parmesan, C., Ecological and Evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Review of Ecological and Evolution Systems, 2006. 37: p. 637-669.
133. Pawlowicz, R., Ocean Dynamics Laboratory. 2007, Earth and Oceans Sciences at UBC.
134. Pegg, J., One in four bird species could disappear by century's end. 2004, Environment News Service.
135. Perry, A.L., et al., Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes. Science, 2005. 308: p. 1912-1915.
136. Piekle, R.A., Consensus about climate change? Science, 2005. 308(952).
137. Piekle, R.A. and D. Sarewitz, Bringing society back into the climate debate. Population and Environment, 2005. 26(3): p. 255-268.
138. Portner, H.O. and R. Knust, Climate changes affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance. Science, 2007. 315: p. 95-97.
139. Portner, H.O., M. Langenbuch, and A. Reipschlager, Biological impacts of elevated ocean CO2 concentrations: lessons from animal physiology and earth history. Journal of Oceanography, 2004. 60: p. 705-718.
140. Post, E. and N.C. Stenseth, Climatic variability, plant phenology, and northern ungulates. Ecology, 1999. 80(4): p. 1322-1339.
141. Pratchett, M., S. Wilson, and A. Baird, Declines in the abundance of Chaetodon butterflyfishes following extensive coral depletion. Journal of Fish Biology, 2006. 69: p. 1269-1280.
142. Pretty, J., et al., Farm costs and food miles: An assessment of the full cost of the UK weekly food basket. Food Policy, 2005. 30: p. 1-19.
143. Quadfasel, D., The Atlantic heat conveyor slows. Nature, 2005. 438(1): p. 565-566.
144. Rahmstorf, S., The current climate. Nature, 2003. 421: p. 699.
145. Reaser, J.K., R. Pomerance, and P.O. Thomas, Coral bleaching and global climate change: scientific findings and policy recommendations. Conservation Biology, 2000. 14(5): p. 1500-1511.
146. Reist, J.D., et al., Climate change impacts on Arctic freshwater ecosystems and fisheries. Ambio, 2006. 35(7): p. 370-380.
147. Riebesell, U., et al., Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 2000. 407: p. 364-368.
148. Robertson, G.J. and H.G. Gilchrist, Evidence of population declines among Common Eiders breeding in the Belcher Islands, Northwest Territories. Arctic, 1998. 51(4): p. 378-385.
149. Ruddiman, W.E., How did humans first alter global climate. Scientific American, 2002. 292(3).
150. Russell, J., L, et al., The Southern Hemisphere Westerlies in a warming world: propping open the door to the deep ocean. Journal of Climate, 2006. 19: p. 6382-6390.
151. Sagarin, R.D., et al., Climate-related change in an intertidal community over short and long term scales. Ecological Monographs, 1999. 69(4): p. 465-490.
152. Sala, E. and N. Knowlton, Global Marine Biodiversity Trends. Annual Review of Environmental Resources, 2006. 31: p. 93-122.
153. Sallenger, A., Hurricane impacts on the coastal environment. 2004, USGS.
154. Sarewitz, D., How Science makes environmental controversies worse. Environmental Science and Policy, 2004. 7: p. 385-403.
155. Schmid, M.K., et al., Trophic pathways and carbon flux patterns in the Laptev Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 2006. 71: p. 314-330.
156. Schrank, W.E., The ACIA, climate change and fisheries. Marine Policy, 2007. 31: p. 5-18.
157. Sheaves, M., Is the timing of the spawning in sparid fishes a response to sea temperature regimes? Coral reefs, 2006. 25: p. 655-669.
158. Sheikh, P.A., The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources, in CRC Report for Congress. 2005, CRS Report for Congress. p. 12.
159. Shelden, K.E., et al., Historic and current habitat use by North Pacific right whales Eubalaena japonica in the Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska. Mammal Review, 2005. 35(2): p. 129-155.
160. Skutsch, M., et al., Clearing the way for reducing emissions from tropical deforestation. Environmental Science and Policy, 2007. 10: p. 322-334.
161. Stern, D. and R. Kaufman, Annual emissions of global anthropogenic methane emissions: 1860-1994. Trends Online: A compendium of data on global change. 1998, Carbon dioxide infomation analysis centre, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy.
162. Stewart, A., (pers com) Public Education Programmes Coordinator, J. Provencher, 2007: Bamfield.
163. Stirling, I., The importance of polynyas, ice edges, and leads to marine mammals and birds. Journal of Marine Science, 1997. 10: p. 9-21.
164. Stouffer, R.J., et al., Investigating the causes of the response of the thermohaline circulation to past and future climate changes. Journal of Climate, 2006. 19: p. 1365-1387.
165. Sydeman, Climate change, reproductive performance and diet composition of marine birds in the southern California Current system, 1969-1997. Progress in Oceanography, 2001. 49(1-4): p. 309-329.
166. Tanasichuk, R., Implications of interannual variability in eupahsiid populations biology for fish production along the south-west coast of Vancouver Island: a synthesis. Fisheries Oceanography, 2002. 11(1): p. 18-30.
167. Tarnocai, C., The effect of climate change on carbon in Canadian peatlands. Global and Planetary Change, 2006. 53: p. 222-232.
168. Thomas, C.D., et al., Extinction risk from climate change. Nature, 2004. 427: p. 145-148.
169. Thornes, J., Global environmental change and regional response: the European Mediterranean. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 1995. 20(3): p. 357-367.
170. Travis, D.J., A.M. Carleton, and R.G. Lauritson, Contrail reduce daily temperature range. Nature, 2002. 418: p. 601.
171. Tynan, C. and D.P. DeMaster, Observations and predictions or arctic climate change: potential effects on marine mammals. Arctic, 1997. 50(4): p. 308-322.
172. Vavrus, S., et al., The behaviour of extreme cold air outbreaks under greenhouse warming. International Journal of Climatology, 2006. 26: p. 1133-1147.
173. Velicogna, I. and J. Wahr, Acceleration of Greenland ice mass loss in spring 2004. Nature, 2006. 443: p. 329-331.
174. Walker, D. and A. McComb, Seagrass degradation in Australian coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bullentin, 1992. 25(5-8): p. 191-195.
175. Walsh, J.E. and W. Chapman, Arctic Climate Change. 2006, University of Illinois.
176. Wang, G. and D. Schimel, Climate change, climate modes, and climate impacts. Annual Review of Environmental Resources, 2003. 28: p. 1-28.
177. Wang, T. and J. Overgard, The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science, 2007. 315: p. 49-50.
178. Wanless, S., et al., Black-legged kittiwakes as indicators of environmental change in the North Sea: Evidence from long-term studies. Progress in Oceanography, 2007. 72: p. 30-38.
179. Wara, M., Is the global carbon market working? Nature, 2007. 445: p. 595-596.
180. Weaver, A.J. and C. Green, Global climate change: lessons from the past - policy for the future. Oceans and Coastal Management, 1998. 39: p. 73-86.
181. Weaver, A.J. and F.W. Zwiers, Uncertainty in climate change. Nature, 2000. 407: p. 571-572.
182. Webb, R.L., On the Northwest: commercial whaling in the Pacific Northwest. 1988, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
183. Webster, P., et al., Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment. Science, 2005. 309: p. 1844-1846.
184. Wilson, S., et al., Multiple disturbances and the global degradation of coral reefs: are reef fishes at risk or resilient? Global Change Biology, 2006. 12: p. 2220-2234.
185. Woodley, J.D., et al., Hurricane Allen's Impacts on Jamaican Coral Reefs. Science, 1981. 214(4522): p. 749-755.
186. Wrona, F.J., et al., Climate change effects on aquatic biota, ecosystem structure and function. Ambio, 2006. 35(7): p. 359-369.
187. Zemp, M. and W. Haeberli, Glaciers and Ice Caps. 2007.
188. Zwiers, F.W. and A.J. Weaver, The Causes of 20th Century Warming. Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2081-2083.back to the top